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laura, 2013

site of former coal mine 'laura' in eygelshoven, southern netherlands. the mine closed in 1968. recently a new residential area was built on the premisses. next to the tree the entrance of the mine used to be.


wilhelmina, 2012

the former spoil tip of the abandoned coal mine 'wilhelmina' in landgraaf (nl) has now been transformed into a recreational zone, containing the world's largest indoor ski resort and the country’s largest outdoor staircase; kerkrade, netherlands


wilhelmina #2, 2013


wilhelmina #3, 2013


heksenberg, 2012

spoil tip of former coal mine 'oranje-nassau #4', with adjacent sand pit, heerlen, netherlands


wiso split, 2014

the spoil tip of the former coal mine 'willem sophia', which was closed in 1970. internal combustion in the spoil tip has converted the black slate into red minestone, which is used in road construction


koffiepoel, 2012

this pool may look natural but is in fact a former lignite (or brown coal) pit. its name 'koffiepoel' (coffee pool) derives from the sometimes brownish color of the water; brunssummerheide, netherlands


vijverpark, 2014

in 1919 the lignite pit 'brunahilde II' was flooded with water after striking a aquiferous fault. subsequently the brown coal production ended, only six months after it began. a park was created around the the pool, which is close to the town centre of brunssum, in the south of the netherlands.


rimburg, 2013

the water tower in rimburg, netherlands, was built in 1923 for the nearby coal mine 'julia'. the mine was closed in 1974. the water tower has now been transformed into a touristic observation tower


hendrik, 2014

excavation of the spoil tip of former coal mine 'hendrik', near brunssum (nl)


beatrix, 2013

the 'beatrix' coal mine was built in in the mid ‘50’s but was never taken into production; before construction was completed the dutch government decided to completely end coal mining in the netherlands


julia, 2013

the coal preparation plant of the former 'julia' coal mine, eygelshoven, netherlands. the mine was closed in 1974. nowadays a ceramic stone production plant is located here.


turfcafé, 2014

in the 'veenkoloniën' area peat was won in the 19th and 20th century, mainly for fuel but also for production of peat dust. this was one of the factories, located at a canal in schoonebeek. today it is a cafe and restaurant.


slochteren, 2012

at exactly this location the 'groningen' gas field - one of the largest gas fields in the world - was discovered in 1959. the two trees are the only ones remaining of several dozens of trees that were planted around the site.


't haantje, 2014

in 1965 on this spot, near a hamlet called 't haantje, a 50 meters high drilling rig sank into the ground completely, due to a huge blowout that created a 30 meters crater litterally swallowing the rig, including containers and trucks. it took three months before the blowout was under control and the hole was sealed with cement. the rig, containers and trucks were never found again.


schoonebeek, 2014

in 1996 oil production from 'schoonebeek' - europe's main land's largest oil field - was ceased. all facilities were removed, except the railway that served the oil train transport. in 2011 oil production was resumed, using new facilities. the oil is now transported via pipelines and the railway is obsolete.


schoonebeek #2, 2014


dodewaard, 2014

the abandoned nuclear power plant 'dodewaard', netherlands. it started power production in 1969 and was shut down in 1997. the complex is being dismanteld in phases. the buildings that contain radioactivity are now completely sealed. in 2045, after a period of 40 years, the radion levels will be sufficiently low for the remaining infrastucture to be demolished.